Determine Cattle Age By Teeth
The age of cattle can be approximated closely by the
appearance, development, and subsequent wear of their second incisor teeth. Cattle have eight incisor teeth, all in
the lower jaw (Cattle do not have upper teeth). In the calf at birth two or more of the temporary or first incisor
teeth are present. With the first month the entire eight incisors have appeared.
As the animal approaches 2 years of age the center pair of temporary
incisor teeth or pinchers are replaced by the permanent pinchers which at 2 years attain full development.
At from 2½ to 3 years the permanent first intermediates are cut and are
usually fully developed at 3 years.
At 3½ years the second intermediates or laterals are cut. They are on a
level with the first intermediates and begin to wear at 4 years.
At 4½ to 5 years the corner teeth are replaced, the animal at 5 years
having the full complement of incisors with the corners fully developed.
At 5 to 6 years there is a leveling of the permanent pinchers, the
pinchers usually being leveled at six and both pairs of intermediates partially leveled and the corner incisors
showing wear. From seven to eight the pinchers are noticeably worn; from eight to nine the middle pairs, and by ten
years the corner teeth. After 6 years the arch gradually loses its rounded contour and becomes nearly straight by
the twelfth year. In the meantime the teeth have gradually become triangular in shape, distinctly separated, and
show the progressive wearing to stubs.