Beef Cattle Ranch Management
Beef Cattle Ranch Management is a huge responsibility. It takes a lot of effort,
time and money to successfully manage a beef cattle ranch. Ranch refers to farms used for rearing beef cattle
animals. The owner must take care of every need of the animals. He has to pay attention to their feeding and
nutrition, cleaning and a disease free living. Initial steps involve deciding on the land you are going to use as
the ranch and then picking up the animals you are going to start with. Cow and bull selection is a very careful
decision. Animals must be registered and top of all healthy. They must suit to your needs and the needs of the
market you are going to deal with. Animals must be able to adapt to the living conditions of your ranch. They must
be fertile and reproductive. They must be free from infections, parasites and insects.
Crop production is the responsibility of the
owner of the ranch. Owners have to decide between natural breeding or artificial insemination. Artificial
insemination uses semen from high quality bulls, which is transferred to cows’ vagina by other than natural means.
Beef cattle bull selection for natural breeding is a tough job. Bulls contribute their genes to the herd for many
years and ultimately affect the quality of beef. Bulls must appear healthy and fit physically, without any
structural defects. Rely on Expected Progeny Differences (EPD) or genetic evaluation of bull. It takes into
consideration the quality and performance of his sire, dam, grandsire, granddam, herd mates and sibs. Ranch owners
can check the fertility of the bull by testing his semen, measuring scrotal and physically examining the
reproductive tract for any signs of diseases like hernia. Sex drive or libido can also be checked.
Feed and health of animals is another important job of beef cattle ranch management.
Ranches must have good grasslands and pastures. Beef cattle need different types of feed at different stages in
life. Young and calving animals have more needs than older animals. Rate of growth and development of young calves
also depends on their feed. Cows need special feed during different stages of their gestation period. Owners can
use computer software to calculate nutritional needs of different animals and provide feeds suitable to individual
requirements. This software can help reduce costs of feed programs and balance nutritional needs of animals.
Vaccination of calves and regular checkup of animals is also very important. All animals must be vaccinated every
spring and fall. Any animal showing any signs of infection must be isolated from the herd to prevent the spread of
disease. Necessary steps and medication are a must to cure the disease. Parasite control in every spring and fall
is also very vital.