Beef Cattle Farm
Beef cattle farm, also known as a ranch, is used for rearing beef cattle.
Management of beef cattle farms is not an easy job. It is a huge responsibility. Farm owners have to take care of
every little need of the cattle herd. Beef from a reputed farm is preferred by the consumers and has high demand in
the market. Farm owners are responsible for the nutrition, vaccination and sanitation of the herd. Owners also have
to decide between natural breeding or artificial insemination for crop production. Artificial insemination
transfers bull semen to cows’ vagina by other than natural means. Bulls contribute their genes to the herd for many
years and ultimately affect the quality of beef.
Farm owners must pay attention to the vaccination
of newly born calves and regular checkup of animals by a qualified veterinarian. All animals must be vaccinated
every spring and fall. Any animal showing any signs of infection must be isolated from the herd to prevent the
spread of infection. Flies like face flies, horn flies, stable flies and horse flies are a major threat to the
health of the cattle herd. Flies cause irritation to the animals and carry many disease causing bacteria and
viruses. Regular use of insecticides, sprays, back rubbers, oilers, ear tags, pour-ons, face rubbers and dust bags
in every season can prevent the growth of flies. Records of all animals regarding their treatment and drugs used
must be maintained. Records are examined when cattle are sold or purchased by herd owners. They also give an
insight into the medical history and past treatment of animals and aid veterinarians to treat them better.
Nutrition of animals is also the job of the beef cattle farm owner. Both under and over
nutrition are dangerous. Proper balance of all nutrients is vital for the cattle health and crop production.
National Research Council’s (NRC) publication, Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle, 1996 is the most preferred
standard for beef cattle feed. Water is also a very special part of diet and a medium to add minerals to the beef
cattle feed. Water and feed for beef cattle consumption must also be stored well to reduce the nutrient loss and
prevent any contamination. Improper storage causes loss of the nutrients to the environment. Contamination of feed,
water and pastures by pesticides and bacteria can lead to many diseases.